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The Garo Mitdes or Gods Related to Jhum Cultivation

The Garo Mitdes or Gods Related to Jhum Cultivation are the followings. Tatara Rabuga-Stura Pantura is the supreme god and creator of both living

The Garo Mitdes or Gods Related to Jhum Cultivation

Ruel C. Sangma

The Garo Mitdes or Gods Related to Jhum Cultivation are the followings:

Tatara Rabuga-Stura Pantura is the supreme god and creator of both living and non-living beings.

Abet-Rengge or Rangge -is the guardian-spirit or god who preserves the land and protects the green vegetation.

Misi Saljong-is the provider of seed grains of varieties of crops and is the god who first taught men to cultivate land.

Mima Kiri Rokkime or Rokki is the goddess or mother of the seed-grains of paddy.

Salgra-Susime- is considered as a benevolent god or the god of wealth or ‘sun god’.

Sugra Mateja- is the field rat who is considered to be the first creature to commit an offense by being disobedient to the god, Misi Saljong. It is believed that before tasting any seasonal fruit and crops from the field, the first fruit should be offered to the god Misi Saljong who is the provider of all seed grains, and to Mima Kiri Rokkime the mother of paddy who blesses them with a good harvest, being present with them throughout the whole season. According to Achik myth, Sugra-Mateja cut and ate the paddy before the harvest, therefore, in the Nokpante Mese Chaa ceremony, the first ritual is to kill rats from the bam and punish them for the guilt first committed when they started Jhuming.

Chura-is the god who is believed to have the ability to protect or to destroy standing crops.

Dombe is the malevolent god who carries diseases to the crops.

Raksi- is another malevolent god who creates sicknesses to the crops.

Bang- also called ‘skall’ which meaning ‘monster or killer’ is another malevolent spirit.

Waimong- is the king or care-taker spirit in the Abode of the spirits, that is, in Baipakram, Napak and Chitmang where Achiks believe the spirits of the dead go after death.

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